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CSS transform-style Property

The transform-style property specifies whether the children of the element are positioned in the 3D-space or are flattened in the plane of the element. If flattened, the child elements will not exist on their own in the 3D-space.

This property is only applied to child elements that have a transform property specified.

CSS Demo: transform-style

transform-style: preserve-3d;
transform-style: flat;

Technical Details

Default value flat
Applies to transformable elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable no See animatable properties.
Version CSS3
JavaScript syntax object.style.transformStyle = "preserve-3d" Demo

CSS Syntax:

transform-style: flat|preserve-3d|initial|inherit;


The following example shows how to use transform-style property:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the transform-style property.

Numbers followed by -webkit-, -moz-, -o- and -ms- specify the first version that worked with a vendor prefix.

transform-style 36
4 -webkit-
3.5 -moz-
15 -webkit-
10.5 -o-
3.2 -webkit-
9 -ms-

Property Values

The following table describes the values of transform-style property:

Value Description
flat Specifies that child elements will NOT preserve its 3D position (This is default)
preserve-3d Specifies that child elements will preserve its 3D position
none Specifies that no transform should be applied (This is default)
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS 2D Transforms tutorial

CSS 3D Transforms tutorial

CSS transform property

CSS transform-origin property

CSS perspective property