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CSS position Property

The position property specifies how an element is positioned in a document.

The top, right, bottom, and left properties determine the final location of positioned elements.

CSS Demo: position

position: static;
position: relative;
top: 80px; left: 80px;
position: absolute;
top: 80px; left: 80px;
position: sticky;
top: 0;
position: fixed;
top: 80px; left: 40%;

In this demo you can control the position property for the orange box.

To see the effect of sticky positioning, select the position: sticky option and scroll this container.

The element will scroll along with its container, until it is at the top of the container (or reaches the offset specified in top), and will then stop scrolling, so it stays visible.

The fixed positioning allows you to fix the position of an element to a particular spot on the page, regardless of scrolling

The rest of this text is only supplied to make sure the container overflows, so as to enable you to scroll it and see the effect.


A positioned element is an element whose position value is either relative, absolute, fixed, or sticky (except static).

Technical Details

Default value static
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable no See animatable properties.
Version CSS2
JavaScript syntax object.style.position = "fixed"


CSS Syntax:

position: static|absolute|fixed|relative|sticky|initial|inherit;

Examples

The following example shows how to use position property:

Run code

A sticky positioned element:

Run code

An absolute positioned element:

Run code

A fixed positioned element:

Run code

A relative positioned element:

Run code

A static positioned element:

Run code

Absolute Positioning Inside Relative Positioning

Relatively positioned elements are often used as container blocks for absolutely positioned elements.

An element with relative positioning gives you the control to absolutely position children elements inside of it.

The example below shows that without the absolute div being inside of a "relative" div, the contents are aligned to the document body.

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the position property:

Property
position 1 1 4 1 7

Property Values

The following table describes the values of position property:

Value Description
static The element is positioned according to the normal flow of the document. The top, right, bottom, left, and z-index properties have no effect. (This is the default)
relative
The element’s original position remains in the flow of the document, just like the static value
But now left, right, top, bottom and z-index will work
The top and bottom properties specify the vertical offset from its normal position; the left and right properties specify the horizontal offset.
absolute
The element is removed from the flow of the document and other elements will behave as if it’s not even there. Its final position is determined by the values of top, right, bottom, and left.
The top and bottom properties specify the vertical offset; the left and right properties specify the horizontal offset.
fixed
Allows you to fix the position of an element to a particular spot on the page, regardless of scrolling
The top, right, bottom, and left properties are used to position the element
The element is removed from the flow of the document like absolutely positioned elements
sticky
An element with position: sticky; is positioned based on the user's scroll position
A sticky element toggles between relative and fixed, depending on the scroll position. It is positioned relative until a given offset position is met in the viewport - then it "sticks" in place (like position:fixed)
Note: You must also specify at least one of top, right, bottom or left for sticky positioning to work
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Position tutorial

CSS top property

CSS right property

CSS bottom property

CSS left property

CSS z-index property