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CSS margin Property

The margin property sets the margin area on all four sides of an element.

Note: Margins create extra space around an element. In contrast, padding creates extra space within an element.

CSS Demo: margin

margin: 0;
margin: 20px 10px;
margin: 50px 25px 0;
margin: 40px 40px 40px 40px;
margin: 20%;
Change my margin

The margin property is a shorthand that sets the following properties in a single declaration:

The margin property can have from one to four values:

  • When one value is specified, it applies the same margin to all four sides
  • When two values are specified, the first margin applies to the top and bottom, the second to the left and right
  • When three values are specified, the first margin applies to the top, the second to the left and right, the third to the bottom
  • When four values are specified, the margins apply to the top, right, bottom, and left in that order (clockwise)

Technical Details

Default value
as each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • margin-top: 0
  • margin-right: 0
  • margin-bottom: 0
  • margin-left: 0
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable yes See animatable properties. Demo
Version CSS1
JavaScript syntax object.style.margin = "80px 150px" Demo


CSS Syntax:

margin: auto|length|initial|inherit;

Examples

The following example shows how to use margin property:

Run code

Create a center aligned element using margin: auto;

Run code

Create a center aligned image using margin: auto;

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the margin property:

Property
margin 1 1 3.5 1 6

Property Values

The following table describes the values of margin property:

Value Description
auto The browser selects a suitable margin to use. For example, in certain cases this value can be used to center an element (This is default)
length Defines the margin in length. Negative values are allowed See length units
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Margin tutorial

CSS margin-top property

CSS margin-right property

CSS margin-left property

CSS margin-bottom property