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CSS grid-template-columns Property

The grid-template-columns property specifies the number and the width of columns in a grid container.

The values are a space separated list, where each value specifies the size of the respective column.

CSS Demo: grid-template-columns

grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
grid-template-columns: 200px auto auto;
grid-template-columns: 60px 200px auto;
grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr;
grid-template-columns: 1fr 2fr 2fr 1fr;
grid-template-columns: repeat(7, 1fr);

Technical Details

Default value "none"
Applies to grid containers
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable no See animatable properties.
Version CSS Grid Layout Module Level 1
JavaScript syntax object.style.gridTemplateColumns = "repeat(6, 1fr)" Demo

CSS Syntax:

grid-template-columns: none|auto|repeat()|max-content|min-content|length|initial|inherit;


The following example shows how to use grid-template-columns property:

Run code

Create responsive website template using grid layout:

Run code

Create basic Calendar using grid layout:

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the grid-template-columns property:

grid-template-columns 57 52 44 10.1 16

Property Values

The following table describes the values of grid-template-columns property:

Value Description
none Columns are created according to item count (This is default)
auto Size of the columns is determined by the size of the grid container and on the size of the content of the items in the column
max-content Size of each column depend on the largest item in the column
min-content Size of each column depend on the largest item in the column
repeat(n, w) Allow a large number of columns that exhibit a recurring pattern to be written in a more compact form (see calender example below)
length Defines the size of the columns See length units
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Grid Layout tutorial

CSS grid property

CSS grid-area property

CSS grid-template-areas property

CSS grid-template-rows property

CSS grid-auto-flow property

CSS grid-auto-columns property

CSS grid-column-gap property