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CSS grid-area Property

The grid-area property specifies a grid item's size and location in a grid container.

CSS Demo: grid-area

grid-area: 1 / 2 / 5 / 6;
grid-area: 1 / 2 / 2 / 6;
grid-area: 2 / 2 / 2 / 6;
grid-area: 1 / 1 / 5 / 5;
grid-area: 1 / 1 / 2 / 9;

The grid-area property is a shorthand that sets the following properties in a single declaration:

The grid-area property can also be used to set a name to a grid item. Named grid items can then be referenced to by the grid-template-areas property of the grid container.

Technical Details

Default value
as each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • grid-row-start: auto
  • grid-column-start: auto
  • grid-row-end: auto
  • grid-column-end: auto
Applies to grid items
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable no See animatable properties.
Version CSS Grid Layout Module Level 1
JavaScript syntax object.style.gridArea = "1 / 5 / span 2 / span 9" Demo

CSS Syntax:

grid-area: grid-row-start / grid-columns-start / grid-row-end / grid-column-end | item-name;


The following example shows how to use grid-area property:

Run code

Create template structure using grid:

Run code

Create template structure using grid item names:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the grid-area property:

grid-area 57 52 44 10.1 16

Property Values

The following table describes the values of grid-area property:

Value Description
grid-row-start Specifies a grid item’s start position within the grid row
grid-column-start Specifies a grid item’s start position within the grid column
grid-row-end Specifies a grid item’s end position within the grid row
grid-column-end Specifies a grid item’s end position within the grid column
item-name Denotes an arbitrary user-defined string used as an identifier for the grid item

See also

CSS Grid Layout tutorial

CSS grid property

CSS grid-template-areas property

CSS grid-template-rows property

CSS grid-template-columns property

CSS grid-auto-rows property

CSS grid-auto-columns property

CSS grid-auto-flow property

CSS grid-row-gap property

CSS grid-column-gap property