CSS References
CSS - Reference CSS - Selectors CSS - Functions CSS - Units CSS - Animatable CSS - Entities
All CSS Properties
align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index

CSS filter Property

The filter property lets you apply graphical effects like blurring or color shifting to an element (often <img>).

To use multiple filters, separate each filter with a space.

CSS Demo: filter

filter: none;
filter: blur(5px);
filter: brightness(260%);
filter: hue-rotate(-90deg);
filter: drop-shadow(2px 2px 16px red) invert(100%);

Technical Details

Default value "none"
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable yes See animatable properties. Demo
Version CSS3
JavaScript syntax object.style.filter = "invert(100%)" Demo


CSS Syntax:

filter: none | blur() | brightness() | contrast() | drop-shadow() | grayscale() | hue-rotate() | invert() | opacity() | saturate() | sepia() | url();

Examples

The following example shows how to use filter property:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the filter property.

Numbers followed by -webkit- specify the first version that worked with a vendor prefix.

Property
filter 53
18 -webkit-
35 40
15 -webkit-
9.1
6 -webkit-
13

Filter Functions

Note: The filters that use percentage values (i.e. 45%), also accept the value as decimal (i.e. 0.45).

Value Description Example
none Specifies no effects (This is default)
blur(px) Applies a blur effect to the image. A larger value will create more blur Demo
brightness(%)

Applies a linear multiplier to the image, making it appear brighter or darker

0% or (0) will make the image completely black
100% or (1) represents the original image (This is default)
Values over 100% will provide brighter results
Demo
contrast(%)

Adjusts the contrast of the image

0% or (0) will make the image completely black
100% or (1) represents the original image (This is default)
Values over 100% will provide less contrast
Demo
drop-shadow(h-shadow v-shadow blur color)

Applies a drop shadow effect to the image

First parameter specifies the horizontal shadow. Negative values place the shadow to the left of the image.
Second parameter specifies the vertical shadow. Negative values place the shadow above the image.
Third parameter specifies the blur radius
Last parameter specifies the shadow color
Demo
grayscale(%)

Converts the image to grayscale

0% represents the original image (This is default)
100% will make the image completely gray (used for black and white images)
Demo
hue-rotate(deg)

Applies a hue rotation on the image

0deg leaves the image unchanged (This is default)
A positive hue rotation increases the hue value
A negative rotation decreases the hue value
Demo
invert(%)

Inverts the color samples in the image

0% represents the original image (This is default)
100% will make the image completely inverted
Demo
opacity(%)

Applies transparency to the image

0% is completely transparent
100% or 1 is default and represents the original image (no transparency)
Demo
saturate(%)

Saturates the image

0% will make the image completely un-saturated
100% represents the original image (This is default)
Values over 100% provides super-saturated results
Demo
sepia(%)

Converts the image to sepia, giving it a warmer, more yellow/brown appearance

0% represents the original image (This is default)
100% will make the image completely sepia
Demo

See also

CSS Styling Images

CSS Images Filters