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CSS filter Property

The filter property lets you apply graphical effects like blurring or color shifting to an element (often <img>).

To use multiple filters, separate each filter with a space.

CSS Demo: filter

filter: none;
filter: blur(5px);
filter: brightness(260%);
filter: hue-rotate(-90deg);
filter: drop-shadow(2px 2px 16px red) invert(100%);

Technical Details

Default value "none"
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable yes See animatable properties. Demo
Version CSS3
JavaScript syntax object.style.filter = "invert(100%)" Demo

CSS Syntax:

filter: none | blur() | brightness() | contrast() | drop-shadow() | grayscale() | hue-rotate() | invert() | opacity() | saturate() | sepia() | url();


The following example shows how to use filter property:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the filter property.

Numbers followed by -webkit- specify the first version that worked with a vendor prefix.

filter 53
18 -webkit-
35 40
15 -webkit-
6 -webkit-

Filter Functions

Note: The filters that use percentage values (i.e. 45%), also accept the value as decimal (i.e. 0.45).

Value Description Example
none Specifies no effects (This is default)
blur(px) Applies a blur effect to the image. A larger value will create more blur Demo

Applies a linear multiplier to the image, making it appear brighter or darker

0% or (0) will make the image completely black
100% or (1) represents the original image (This is default)
Values over 100% will provide brighter results

Adjusts the contrast of the image

0% or (0) will make the image completely black
100% or (1) represents the original image (This is default)
Values over 100% will provide less contrast
drop-shadow(h-shadow v-shadow blur color)

Applies a drop shadow effect to the image

First parameter specifies the horizontal shadow. Negative values place the shadow to the left of the image.
Second parameter specifies the vertical shadow. Negative values place the shadow above the image.
Third parameter specifies the blur radius
Last parameter specifies the shadow color

Converts the image to grayscale

0% represents the original image (This is default)
100% will make the image completely gray (used for black and white images)

Applies a hue rotation on the image

0deg leaves the image unchanged (This is default)
A positive hue rotation increases the hue value
A negative rotation decreases the hue value

Inverts the color samples in the image

0% represents the original image (This is default)
100% will make the image completely inverted

Applies transparency to the image

0% is completely transparent
100% or 1 is default and represents the original image (no transparency)

Saturates the image

0% will make the image completely un-saturated
100% represents the original image (This is default)
Values over 100% provides super-saturated results

Converts the image to sepia, giving it a warmer, more yellow/brown appearance

0% represents the original image (This is default)
100% will make the image completely sepia

See also

CSS Styling Images

CSS Images Filters