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align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index

CSS background Property

The background property is a shorthand that sets the following properties in a single declaration:

Note: If any property listed above is missing or omitted, the default value for that property will be applied, if any.

CSS Demo: background

background: crimson;
background: radial-gradient(pink, skyblue);
background: rgba(67, 23, 109, 0.4);
background: url("/images/air_ballon.jpg");
background: url("/images/avatar.jpg") center no-repeat;
Change my background

Technical Details

Default value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • background-color: transparent
  • background-image: none
  • background-position: 0% 0%
  • background-size: auto auto
  • background-repeat: repeat
  • background-origin: padding-box
  • background-clip: border-box
  • background-attachment: scroll
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable yes See animatable properties. Demo
Version CSS1 + new properties in CSS3
JavaScript syntax object.style.background="lightgreen url(parrot.png) top left no-repeat" Demo

CSS Syntax:

background: bg-color bg-image bg-position/bg-size bg-repeat bg-origin bg-clip bg-attachment initial|inherit;


The example below demonstrates how to use background property:

Run code

In CSS3 you can also add multiple backgrounds to a single element. The backgrounds are layered on the top of one another along the z-axis:

Run code

Specifies background with radial-gradient:

Run code

Specifies multiple images background:

Run code

The following example shows how to make a responsive background image:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the background property:

background 1 3.5 1 1 4

Property Values

The following table describes the values of background property:

Value Description
background-color Sets the background color of an element
background-image Sets one or several background images for an element
background-position Sets the initial position of the background image
background-size Specifies the size of the background image
background-repeat Specifies how background images are tiled after they have been sized and positioned
background-origin Specifies the positioning area of the background images
background-clip Specifies the area within which the background is painted
background-attachment Specifies whether the background scrolls with the document, or remains fixed to the viewing area
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Background tutorial

CSS Gradients tutorial

CSS background-color property

CSS background-image property

CSS background-repeat property