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CSS background-repeat Property

The background-repeat property defines how background images are repeated.

A background image can be repeated along the horizontal axis, the vertical axis, both axes, or not repeated at all.

By default, a background image is repeated both vertically and horizontally.

CSS Demo: background-repeat

background-repeat: repeat;
background-repeat: repeat-x;
background-repeat: repeat-y;
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-repeat: space;
background-repeat: space repeat;

Note: The background image is placed according to the background-position property. If no background-position is specified, the image is always placed at the element's top left corner.

Technical Details

Default value repeat
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable no See animatable properties.
Version CSS1
JavaScript syntax object.style.backgroundRepeat = "no-repeat"


CSS Syntax:

background-repeat: repeat|repeat-x|repeat-y|no-repeat|space|round|initial|inherit;

Examples

Repeat a background image only horizontally:

Run code

Repeat a background image both vertically and horizontally (This is default):

Run code

Repeat a background image only vertically:

Run code

Do not repeat a background image:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the background-repeat property:

Property
background-repeat 1 1 3.5 1 4

Property Values

The following table describes the values of background-repeat property:

Value Description
repeat The background image will be repeated both vertically and horizontally (This is default)
repeat-x The background image will be repeated horizontally only
repeat-y The background image will be repeated vertically only
no-repeat The background image will not be repeated
space The background-image is repeated as much as possible without clipping. The first and last images are pinned to either side of the element, and whitespace is distributed evenly between the images
round The background image is repeated and squished or stretched to fill the space (no gaps)
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Background tutorial

CSS background property

CSS background-image property

CSS background-attachment property

CSS background-position property