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CSS background-color Property

The background-color property sets the background color of an element.

You can set color of the background through a color name, hex value, rgb value, hsl value or the keyword transparent.

CSS Demo: background-color

background-color: lime;
background-color: teal;
background-color: #ff5252;
background-color: rgb(67, 23, 109);
background-color: hsl(170, 80%, 75%);

The background of an element is the total size of the element, including padding and border (but not margin). See CSS box model.

Technical Details

Default value transparent
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable yes See animatable properties. Demo
Version CSS1
JavaScript syntax object.style.backgroundColor = "#ff0066" Demo

CSS Syntax:

background-color: color|transparent|initial|inherit;


Specify the background color with a color name:

Run code

Specify the background color with a HEX value:

Run code

Specify the background color with an RGB value:

Run code

Specify the background color with an RGBA value:

Run code

Specify the background color with a HSL value:

Run code

Specify the background color with a HSLA value:

Run code

Set background colors for different elements:

Run code

Accessibility concerns

It is important to ensure that the contrast ratio between the background color and the color of the text placed over it is high enough that people experiencing low vision conditions will be able to read the content of the page. You can learn more about CSS colors in our CSS Color tutorial.

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the background-color property:

background-color 1 1 3.5 1 4

Property Values

The following table describes the values of background-color property:

Value Description
color Specifies the background color
transparent Specifies that the background color should be transparent (This is default)
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Background tutorial

CSS background property

CSS background-image property

CSS background-repeat property