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align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index

CSS animation Property

The animation property is a shorthand that sets the following properties in a single declaration:

Note: If any property listed above is missing or omitted, the default value for that property will be applied, if any.

CSS Demo: animation

animation: move 2s infinite;
animation: triangle 1s infinite;
animation: triangle 1s infinite reverse;
animation: square 1s infinite;
animation: square 1s infinite alternate;

Technical Details

Default value as each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • animation-name: none
  • animation-duration: 0s
  • animation-timing-function: ease
  • animation-delay: 0s
  • animation-iteration-count: 1
  • animation-direction: normal
  • animation-fill-mode: none
  • animation-play-state: running
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animatable no See animatable properties.
Version CSS3
JavaScript syntax object.style.animation = "name 2s infinite"

CSS Syntax:

animation: <name> <duration> <timing-function> <delay> <iteration-count> <direction> <fill-mode> <play-state>;


The animation lasts for 3 seconds. It then starts over again, and go on forever (infinite):

Run code

The example below demonstrates how to change background color using animation:

Run code

The example below demonstrates how to transform an element using animation:

Run code

Browser compatibility

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the animation property.

Numbers followed by -webkit- and -moz- specify the first version that worked with a vendor prefix.

animation 43
4 -webkit-
5 -moz-
15 -webkit-
4 -webkit-

Property Values

The following table describes the values of animation property:

Value Description
animation-name Specifies the name of the @keyframes at-rule describing the animation’s keyframes
animation-duration Defines how long time an animation should take to complete
animation-timing-function Specify the Speed Curve of the Animation
animation-delay Specifies a delay for the start of an animation
animation-iteration-count Specifies the number of times an animation should run
animation-direction Specifies whether an animation should be played forwards, backwards or in alternate cycles
animation-fill-mode Configures what values are applied by the animation before and after it is executing
animation-play-state Lets you pause and resume the animation sequence
initial Sets this property to its default value
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element

See also

CSS Animation tutorial

CSS @keyframes property